Work
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Tārīḫ al-ḫulafāʾ

Author

Date of creation
  • Before 875   Hegirian
    Before 1470   Gregorian
Preferred title

Tārīḫ al-ḫulafāʾ   Arabic  IDEO-IFAO transliteration scheme

تاريخ الخلفاء   Arabic  

Variant title expression
  •   Arabic  
Work type Single work
Non-literary work Historical work
Work manifested Early work
Work genre Textual work
Audience

Adult, serious

Nature of content

التاريخ والتراجم

Nature of content

Historiography and biography

Summary

يختص الكتاب بتاريخ الخلفاء المسلمين، من عهد الراشدين إلى نهاية زمن العباسيين. حيث ترجم فيه للخلفاء أمراء المؤمنين القائمين بأمر الأمة من عهد أبى بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه إلى عهده (أى عهد الإمام السيوطيّ) والذى يعنى عهد الدولة العباسيّة، حيث جاء التاريخ مرتَّبًا على زمانهم الأول فالأول، وقد ذكر فى ترجمة كل منهم ما وقع فى أيّامه من الحوادث المُستغرَبة، ومن كان فى أيامه من أئمة الدين وأعلام الأمة. يقدم الكتاب تراجم مُوَسَّعة للخلفاء، ويذكر بداية خلافة كلٍّ منهم وأعماله وآثاره فى أيّام خلافته وعُمَّاله فى البلاد و أهم الأعلام الذين تُوُفّوا في زمانه والولايات الإسلامية ثم يذكر تاريخ وفاته ومدفنه وقد تَوَسَّع فى الخلفاء الراشدين. احتوى الكتاب على عدة فصول قبل البدء بذكر الخلفاء، منها: فصل فى بيان كون النبيّ صلى الله عليه وسَلَّم لم يستخلفْ وسِرّ ذلك، ثم فصل فى بيان أن الأئمة من قريش والخلافة فيهم، وفصل فى مدة الخلافة فى الإسلام، وفصل فى الأحاديث المنذرة بخلافة بنى أمية، وفصل فى الأحاديث المبشرة بخلافة بنى العباس.

Summary

This book provides a coherent history of the Caliphs who led the Islamic civilizations from the death of the Prophet Muḥammad, peace be upon him, through to the contemporary world of Suyūtī. The author commences his introduction by addressing why the Prophet left no political successor then commences his profiles with Abū Bakr, the first Caliph in the history of Islam. He considers Abū Bakr’s background and ancestry before the advent of Islam and his services to Islam during the life of the Prophet. He details the factors that distinguish him from the other companions. This is followed by the key events that happened during his reign. For the remaining Caliphs from the companions, Suyūtī provides similar detailed histories, covering Umar ibn al-H̱aṭṭāb, Uṯmān ibn ʿAffān, ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib and Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī. The Caliphate then evolves to the Banū Ummayyā dynasty, and Suyūtī reduces the level of detail for each Caliph; he provides sketches for each caliph, including summaries of their characters, how they came to power, key events during their rule and their demise. The history of the Abbasids follows a similar pattern to the Ummayads.

Summary

Ce livre propose une histoire cohérente des califes qui ont dirigé les civilisations islamiques depuis la mort du prophète Muḥammad, paix soit sur lui, jusqu'au monde contemporain de Suyūtī. L'auteur commence son introduction en expliquant pourquoi le prophète n'a laissé aucun successeur politique puis commence ses profils avec Abū Bakr, le premier calife de l'histoire de l'islam. Il considère les antécédents et l’ascendance d’Abū Bakr avant l’avènement de l’islam et ses services à l’islam pendant la vie du prophète. Il détaille les facteurs qui le distinguent des autres compagnons. Ceci est suivi par les événements clés qui se sont produits pendant son règne. Pour les califes restants des compagnons, Suyūtī fournit des histoires détaillées similaires, couvrant Umar ibn al-H̱aṭṭāb, Uṯmān ibn ʿAffān, ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib et Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī. Le califat évolue alors vers la dynastie Banū Ummayyā, et Suyūtī réduit le niveau de détail pour chaque calife; il fournit des croquis pour chaque calife, y compris des résumés de leurs personnages, comment ils sont arrivés au pouvoir, les événements clés de leur règne et leur disparition. L'histoire des Abbassides suit un modèle similaire à celui des Omeyades.

Summary

Questo libro fornisce una storia coerente dei califfi che guidarono le civiltà islamiche dalla morte del profeta Muhammad, la pace sia su di lui, fino al mondo contemporaneo di Suyūtī. L'autore inizia la sua introduzione affrontando il motivo per cui il Profeta non ha lasciato alcun successore politico, quindi inizia i suoi profili con Abū Bakr, il primo califfo nella storia dell'Islam. Considera il background e l'ascendenza di Abū Bakr prima dell'avvento dell'Islam e i suoi servizi all'Islam durante la vita del Profeta. Descrive in dettaglio i fattori che lo distinguono dagli altri compagni. Questo è seguito dagli eventi chiave accaduti durante il suo regno. Per i restanti califfi dei compagni, Suyūtī fornisce storie dettagliate simili, coprendo Umar ibn al-H̱aṭṭāb, Uṯmān ibn ʿAffān, ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib e Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī. Il Califfato si evolve quindi alla dinastia Banū Ummayyā e Suyūtī riduce il livello di dettaglio per ogni Califfo; fornisce schizzi per ogni califfo, inclusi riassunti dei loro personaggi, come sono arrivati ​​al potere, eventi chiave durante il loro governo e la loro scomparsa. La storia degli Abbasidi segue un modello simile a quello degli Omayyadi.

VIAF
Bibliography

4

Diamond   W 2725

Created at 07-11-2013 by migration (IDEO)

Updated at 09-03-2021 by Amr Zakariya (IDEO)


Relations with other works | 4