Person

Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Šayḫ al-Mufīd, 948‒1022


Language of data English

Language

Arabic

Gender

Male

Birth

  • Date Hegirian 11 Ḏū al-Qaʿda 336 Gregorian 23 May 948

    Place Suwayḳat Ibn al-Baṣū

    Place عكبرا

    Place Suwayḳat Ibn al-Baṣū

Death

  • Date Hegirian 3 Ramaḍān 413 Gregorian 30 November 1022

    Place Bagdad

    Place بغداد

    Place Baghdad

Profession

Théologien.- Juriste

Profession

متكلم  —  فقيه إمامي  —  أصولي  —  مفسر  —  نحوي

Profession

Theologian.- Lawyer

Activity

Théologie.- Droit

Activity

الفقه الإمامي  —  علم الكلام  —  الفلسفة  —  التفسير  —  علوم اللغة

Activity

Hagiography.- Theology  —  Theology.- Law

Title

ابن المعلم  —  الشيخ المفيد  —  عالم الرافضة

Residence

Suwayḳat Ibn al-Baṣū  —  Bagdad

Residence

واسط  —  عكبرا  —  بغداد

Residence

Suwayḳat Ibn al-Baṣū  —  Baghdad

Biography

  • Théologien et juriste šīʿite imāmite, il est initié très tôt au fiḳh et à la théologie à Bagdad.- Il est proche de la doctrine muʿtazilite de l'école de Bagdad, différente de celle de Baṣra.- Auteur polémique, la plupart de ses écrits sont des réfutations de positions muʿtazilites, de théologiens, de traditionnistes et de commentateurs du Coran.- En droit religieux, il critique l'école traditionaliste imāmite de Ḳumm.- Lors des émeutes entre šīʿites et sunnites à Bagdad, il est banni trois fois de la ville.- Son influence sur la théologie imāmite est importante pour les milieux šīʿites de l'époque, mais limitée à long terme, ses successeurs ayant ensuite adopté la théologie muʿtazilite de Baṣra

Biography

  • Imāmī Šīʿī theologian and jurist, he was introduced to fiḳh and theology at a young age in Baghdad.- He was closed to the doctrine of Baghdad's Muʿtazilī school, different from the Baṣra one.- Polemical author, most of his writings are refutations of Muʿtazilī positions, theologians, traditionalists, and Ḳurʾān experts.- Regarding religious law, he criticized the Imāmī traditionalist school of Ḳumm.- During the riots between Sunnīs and Šīʿīs in Baghdad, he was banished three times from the city.- He had a great influence on the Šīʿī community of that time but it was then limited in the long run due to the adoption by his successors of the Muʿtazilī theology of Baṣra

References

8

ISNI

VIAF

BnF

IdRef

AKid   A3668 updated at 2015-11-27

Access points | 6

Authorized

  • Šayḫ al-Mufīd, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad, 948‒1022

  • الشيخ المفيد، محمد بن محمد، 948‒1022

Variant

  • Shaykh al-Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, 948‒1022

  • ابن المعلم، (أبو عبد الله) محمد بن محمد بن النعمان االعكبري الحارثي البغدادي الكرخي، 948‒1022

SVAP Specialized variant access point
  • Šayḫ al-Mufīd (413/1022) (Abū ʿAbd Allāh) Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Nuʿmān al-ʿAkbarī al-Ḥāriṯī al-Baġdadī al-Karḫī

  • الشيخ المفيد (413\1022) (أبو عبد الله) محمد بن محمد بن النعمان العكبري الحارثي البغدادي الكرخي

Production | 71

Collaborator | 37

Scientific editor   28

Translator   4

Foreword   3

Transmitter   1

Correction   1