Person
Language of data  |  French · Arabic · English

Maḥmūd ibn ʿUmar al-Zamaḫšarī, 1075‒1144


Language

Arabic  —  Persian, Modern, after 800

Gender

Male

Date of birth

  • 18 March 1075 Gregorian

    27 Raǧab 467 Hegirian

Place of birth

Ḫarazm

Place of birth

زمخشر

Place of birth

Ḫarazm

Date of death

  • 14 June 1144 Gregorian

    10 Ḏū al-Ḥiǧǧa 538 Hegirian

Place of death

Ǧurǧāniyya

Place of death

جرجانية

Place of death

Ǧurǧāniyya

Profession

Grammairien.- Philologue.- Lexicographe.- Théologien.- Exégète

Profession

مفسر  —  محدث  —  أديب  —  لغوي  —  ناظم  —  ناثر  —  مشارك في عدة علوم  —  متكلم معتزلي

Profession

Grammairian.- Philologist.- Lexicographer.- Theologian.- Exegete

Activity

Sciences linguistiques.- Théologie

Activity

التفسير  —  الحديث  —  الأدب  —  النحو  —  علوم اللغة  —  علم الكلام

Activity

Linguistic sciences.- Theology

Title

كبير المعتزلة  —  العلامة  —  الأديب  —  صاحب الكشاف

Residence

Ḫarazm  —  La Mecque  —  Ǧurǧāniyya

Residence

زمخشر  —  جرجان  —  مصر  —  بلاد الحجاز  —  العراق  —  خراسان

Residence

Ḫarazm  —  Mecca  —  Ǧurǧāniyya

Biography

  • Théologien et philologue d'ascendance iranienne.- Il consacre sa vie aux sciences linguistiques.- Bien que d'origine iranienne, il s'oppose à la šuʿūbiyya ; pour lui l'arabe est la langue choisie par Dieu et sa grammaire est la source de toutes les sciences.- Il est un des premiers rerésentants significatifs du Muʿtazilisme.- Il est l'auteur d'un ouvrage très poopulaire sur la grammaire arabe qui influença considérablement les grammaires occidentales de l'arabe

Biography

  • Philologist and theologian with iranian ancestry.- He dedicated his life to the linguistic sciences.- Although he had iranian origines, he was against the šuʿūbiyya's principle; he thought Arabic was the language chosen by God and that its grammar was the source of every kind of science.- He was one of the first representatives of the Muʿtazilism.- He wrote a very popular book on Arabic grammar, which had a great influence on the Western grammar of Arabic

ISNI

VIAF

BnF

IdRef

Webography
Bibliography

7

AKid   A25442 updated at 2017-05-15

Access points | 9

Authorized

Variant

SVAP Specialized variant access point

Production | 73

Social network of this agent | 5

Collaborator | 64

Scientific editor   43

Translator   4

Revision   4

Editor   1

Foreword   4

Commentator   6

Taḫrīǧ   1

Correction   1