Person
Language of data  |  French · Arabic · English

Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī, 972‒1048


Data format Public

Language

Persian, Modern, after 800  —  Arabic

Gender

Male

Date of birth

  • 972-973 Gregorian

    Ḏū al-Ḥiǧǧa 362 Hegirian

Place of birth

Kāṯ, Empire perse

Place of birth

كاث، بلاد فارس

Place of birth

Kāṯ

Date of death

  • 1048-1049 Gregorian

    Raǧab 440 Hegirian

Place of death

Ġazna, Empire perse

Place of death

غزنة، بلاد فارس

Place of death

Ġazna

Nationality

Uzbekistan

Profession

Philosophe  —  Savant  —  Mathématicien  —  Astronome  —  Médecin  —  Linguiste  —  Historien  —  Géographe

Profession

حكيم  —  رياضي  —  قلكي  —  طبيب  —  أديب  —  لغوي  —  مؤرخ  —  فيزيائي  —  جغرافي

Profession

Scholar.- Geographer.- Historian.- Linguist.- Teacher.- Astrologist

Activity

Philosophie  —  Sciences naturelles  —  Mathématiques  —  Astronomie  —  Médecine  —  Linguistique  —  Histoire  —  Géographie

Activity

الفلك والتنجيم  —  الرياضيات  —  الفلك  —  الطب  —  التاريخ  —  الأدب  —  الفيزياء  —  الجغرافيا والرحلات  —  علوم اللغة

Activity

Mathematics.- Astronomy.- Pysics.- Natural sciences.- Geography.- History.- Chronology.- Linguistics

Residence

Kāṯ, Empire perse  —  Ǧurǧān, Empire perse  —  Rayy, Empire perse  —  Ġazna, Empire perse  —  Inde

Residence

جرجان، بلاد فارس  —  خوارزم، بلاد فارس  —  كاث، بلاد فارس  —  غزنة، بلاد فارس  —  بلاد الهند

Residence

Kāṯ  —  Ǧurǧān  —  Rayy  —  Ġazna

Biography

  • One of the greatest scholar of medieval Islam.- He came from an Iranian family and wrote both in Persian and in Arabic.- He served many different leaders as : the Sāmānid sultan Manṣūr II b. Nūh, the prince of Ǧurǧāniyya Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Maʾmūn, the Ḫārizmšāh Abū l-ʿAbbās Maʾmūn b. Maʾmūn and the Ġaznavwid sultan Maḥmud b. Subuktakīn.- He was responsible for some tricky political missions at the court of Ǧurǧāniyya.- After the murder of the Ḫārizmšāh and the conquest of the country by the Ġaznavwid sultan in 1017, he was brought to the court of Ġazna.- There he was probably the official astrologist.- He went with the sultan in military expeditions in India and there, he taught greek sciences and collected in a book a great amount of datas and knowledges on India.- He wrote a lot

Identifier

ISNI | VIAF | FRBNF | ARK BNF | IdRef | WKD | LC
Webography
Bibliography

15

Diamond   A 18411

Created at 19-01-2003 by migration (IDEO)

Updated at 15-03-2021 by Ahmed Gadelkarim (IDEO)


Access points | 6

Authorized

Variant

SVAP Specialized variant access point

Publication | 396

Production | 215

Collaborator | 101