Person
Language of data  |  French · Arabic · English

ʿAmr ibn ʿUṯmān Sībawayh, died 796?


Language

Arabic  —  Persian, Middle, Pahlavi, ca. 300 BC‒800 AD

Gender

Male

Place of birth

Al-Baydāʾ, Šīrāz ?

Place of birth

البيضاء

Place of birth

Al-Baydāʾ, Šīrāz ?

Date of death

  • 0796-0797 probable date Gregorian

    180 probable date Hegirian

Place of death

Fārs

Place of death

بلاد فارس

Place of death

Fārs

Profession

Grammairien

Profession

لغوي  —  نحوي

Profession

Grammarian

Activity

Grammaire.- Droit

Activity

علم النحو  —  علوم العربية

Activity

Grammar.- Law

Title

إمام النحو  —  حجة العرب

Residence

Al-Baydāʾ, Šīrāz ?  —  Baṣra  —  Fārs

Residence

البصرة  —  البيضاء  —  بغداد  —  بلاد فارس

Residence

Al-Baydāʾ, Šīrāz ?  —  Baṣra  —  Fārs

Biography

  • Grammairien arabe d'origine persane.- Pionnier de la grammaire arabe.- Auteur d'un unique ouvrage : Kitāb Sībawayh.- Il y propose une description générale et systématique de la langue arabe.- Le Kitāb est reconnu comme le texte fondateur de la science grammaticale arabe.- Les connaissances sur Sībawayh lui-même sont incertaines.- Aurait étudié un temps à Baṣra le fiqh.- Cette relation initiale au droit serait importante pour comprendre l'histoire primitive de la grammaire.- Aurait trouvé des inspirations dans le raisonnement juridique pour la grammaire du Kitāb

Biography

  • Arabic grammarian of Persian origin.- Pioneer of Arab grammar.- Author of only one book: the Kitāb Sībawayh, in which he put forward a general and systematic description of the Arabic language.- The Kitāb is recognised as the founding text of Arabic grammatical science.- Knowledge on Sībawayh himself are few and uncertain.- He may have studied fiqh for a while in Baṣra.- This initial relationship with jurisprudence may be important for an understanding of the early history the grammatical tradition.- He is said to have found inspirations in legal reasoning

ISNI

VIAF

BnF

IdRef

Webography
Bibliography

7

AKid   A13385 updated at 2020-02-18

Access points | 9

Authorized

Variant

SVAP Specialized variant access point

Production | 1

Collaborator | 27

Scientific editor   12

Translator   7

Commentator   3

Presenter   1

Transmitter   1

Foreword   2

Publishing director   1