Person
Language of data  |  French · Arabic · English

Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Fārābī, approximately 873‒950


Language

Arabic  —  Turkic languages  —  Syriac  —  Persian, Modern, after 800

Gender

Male

Date of birth

  • 873-874 approximate date Gregorian

    approximately 260 Hegirian

Place of birth

Wasīǧ, Turkestan

Place of birth

فاراب تركستان من أرض خراسان

Place of birth

Wasīǧ, Turkestan

Date of death

  • December - January 950 Gregorian

    Raǧab 339 Hegirian

Place of death

Damas

Place of death

دمشق

Place of death

Damas

Profession

Philosophe

Profession

منطقي  —  موسيقي  —  حكيم  —  سياسي  —  فيلسوف  —  رياضي

Profession

Philosopher

Activity

Philosophie

Activity

المنطق  —  الطبيعة  —  ما بعد الطبيعة  —  الموسيقى  —  السياسة المدنية  —  الفلسفة  —  الرياضيات

Activity

Philosophy

Title

المعلم الثاني

Residence

Wasīǧ, Turkestan  —  Bagdad  —  Alep

Residence

فاراب  —  دمشق  —  بغداد

Residence

Wasīǧ (Turkestan)  —  Baghdad  —  Alep

Biography

  • Un des plus grands philosophes musulmans.- Désigné par les noms de Alfarabius ou Avennasar dans certains textes latins médiévaux.- Vie reculée à Bagdad.- En 942, il devient proche du souverain ḥamdānide chiite Sayif al-Dawla et vit dans son entourage en Syrie.- Son maître était Yuḥammā b. Haylān, un chrétien nestorien.- La raison est, pour lui, supérieure à la foi religieuse.- Il considère la religion comme une approche secondaire de la vérité à travers des symboles, destinée aux non-philosophes.- Trouve toutes les réponses aux problèmes contemporains, y compris celui du califat, dans la philosophie grecque.

Biography

  • One of the greatest Muslim philosopher.- Designated by the names of Alfarabius or Avennasar in some medieval Latin texts.- Private individual life in Baghdad.- In 942, he got close to the Šiʿī Ḥamdānid ruler Sayif al-Dawla and lived with its court in Syria.- His philosophy teacher was Yuḥannā b. Haylān, a Nestorian Christian.- He considered the human reason as superior to the religious faith.- Religion is, to him, a secondary approach of the truth through symbols, intended to the non-philosophers.- He found all the answers to its contemporary issues, including the caliphate one, in the Greek philosophy

ISNI

VIAF

BnF

IdRef

Webography

2

Bibliography

19

AKid   A10504 updated at 2019-10-05

Access points | 19

Authorized

Variant

SVAP Specialized variant access point

Publication | 646

Production | 119

Related items | 2

Social network of this agent | 5

Collaborator | 175

Editor   4

Scientific editor   65

Translator   65

Correction   2

Foreword   23

Other relationship   1

Afterword   1

Commentator   8

Publishing director   2

Transcriber   1

Writer of added commentary   1

Revision   2